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David Epel

David Epel

Jane and Marshall Steel Jr. Professor of Marine Sciences, Emeritus

Academic Appointments

Professor Emeritus, Biology
Affiliate, Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment

Publications

Cole, B. J., Hamdoun, A., & Epel, D. (2013). Cost, effectiveness and environmental relevance of multidrug transporters in sea urchin embryos. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY, 216(20), 3896-3905.

Fauville, G., Hodin, J., Dupont, S., Miller, P., Haws, J., & Epel, D. (2011). Virtual Ocean Acidification Laboratory as an Efficient Educational Tool to Address Climate Change Issues. ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND POLITICAL ELEMENTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE, 825-836.

Bosnjak, I., Uhlinger, K. R., Heim, W., Smital, T., Franekic-Colic, J., & Hamdoun, A. (2009). Multidrug Efflux Transporters Limit Accumulation of Inorganic, but Not Organic, Mercury in Sea Urchin Embryos. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, 43(21), 8374-8380.

Epel, D., Luckenbach, T., Stevenson, C. N., Macmanus-Spencer, L. A., Hamdoun, A., & Smital, T. (2008). Efflux transporters: Newly appreciated roles in protection against pollutants. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, 42(11), 3914-3920.

Luckenbach, T., & Epel, D. (2008). ABCB- and ABCC-type transporters confer multixenobiotic resistance and form an environment-tissue barrier in bivalve gills. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-REGULATORY INTEGRATIVE AND COMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGY, 294(6), R1919-R1929.

Thurber, R. V., & Epel, D. (2007). Apoptosis in early development of the sea urchin, Strongylocentrotus purpuratus. DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, 303(1), 336-346.

Hamdoun, A., & Epel, D. (2007). Embryo stability and vulnerability in an always changing world. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 104(6), 1745-1750.

Goldstone, J. V., Hamdoun, A., Cole, B. J., Howard-Ashby, M., Nebert, D. W., & Stegeman, J. J. (2006). The chemical defensome: Environmental sensing and response genes in the Strongylocentrotus purpuratus genome. DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, 300(1), 366-384.

Sodergren, E., Weinstock, G. M., Davidson, E. H., Cameron, R. A., Gibbs, R. A., Angerer, R. C., … Wright, R. (2006). The genome of the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus purpuratus. Science , 314(5801), 941–952.

Stevenson, C. N., Macmanus-Spencer, L. A., Luckenbach, T., Luthy, R. G., & Epel, D. (2006). New perspectives on perfluorochemical ecotoxicology: inhibition and induction of an efflux transporter in the marine mussel, Mytilus californianus. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY, 40(17), 5580-5585.

Luckenbach, T., & Epel, D. (2005). Nitromusk and polycyclic musk compounds as long-term inhibitors of cellular xenobiotic defense systems mediated by multidrug transporters. ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH PERSPECTIVES, 113(1), 17-24.

Epel, D. (2005). Using cell and developmental biology to enhance embryo survival in aquaculture. AQUACULTURE INTERNATIONAL, 13(1-2), 19-28.

Hamdoun, A. M., Cherr, G. N., Roepke, T. A., & Epel, D. (2004). Activation of multidrug efflux transporter activity at fertilization in sea urchin embryos (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus). DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, 276(2), 452-462.

Thaler, C. D., Kuo, R. C., Patton, C., Preston, C. M., Yagisawa, H., & Epel, D. (2004). Phosphoinositide metabolism at fertilization of sea urchin eggs measured with a GFP-probe. DEVELOPMENT GROWTH & DIFFERENTIATION, 46(5), 413-423.

Smital, T., Luckenbach, T., Sauerborn, R., Hamdoun, A. A., Vega, R. L., & Epel, D. (2004). Emerging contaminants - pesticides, PPCPs, microbial degradation products and natural substances as inhibitors of multixenobiotic defense in aquatic organisms. MUTATION RESEARCH-FUNDAMENTAL AND MOLECULAR MECHANISMS OF MUTAGENESIS, 552(1-2), 101-117.

Patton, C., Thompson, S., & Epel, D. (2004). Some precautions in using chelators to buffer metals in biological solutions. CELL CALCIUM, 35(5), 427-431.

Epel, D., Vacquier, V. D., Peeler, M., Miller, P., & Patton, C. (2004). Sea urchin gametes in the teaching laboratory: Good experiments and good experiences. DEVELOPMENT OF SEA URCHINS, ASCIDIANS, AND OTHER INVERTEBRATE DEUTEROSTOMES: EXPERIMENTAL APPROACHES, 74, 797-823.

Thaler, C. D., & Epel, D. (2003). Nitric oxide in oocyte maturation, ovulation, fertilization, cleavage and implantation: A little dab'll do ya. CURRENT PHARMACEUTICAL DESIGN, 9(5), 399-409.

Epel, D. (2003). Protection of DNA during early development: adaptations and evolutionary consequences. EVOLUTION & DEVELOPMENT, 5(1), 83-88.

Eufemia, N., Clerte, S., Girshick, S., & Epel, D. (2002). Algal products as naturally occurring substrates for p-glycoprotein in Mytilus californianus. MARINE BIOLOGY, 140(2), 343-353.

Kurelec, B., Smital, T., Pivcevic, B., Eufemia, N., & Epel, D. (2000). Multixenobiotic resistance, P-glycoprotein, and chemosensitizers. ECOTOXICOLOGY, 9(5), 307-327.

Kuo, R. K., Baxter, G. T., Thompson, S. H., Stricker, S. A., Patton, C., & Epel, D. (2000). NO is necessary and sufficient for egg activation at fertilization. NATURE, 406(6796), 633-636.

McFadzen, I., Eufemia, N., Heath, C., Epel, D., Moore, M., & Lowe, D. (2000). Multidrug resistance in the embryos and larvae of the mussel Mytilus edulis. MARINE ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, 50(1-5), 319-323.

Eufemia, N. A., & Epel, D. (2000). Induction of the multixenobiotic defense mechanism (MXR), P-glycoprotein, in the mussel Mytilus californianus as a general cellular response to environmental stresses. AQUATIC TOXICOLOGY, 49(1-2), 89-100.

Eufemia, N. A., & Epel, D. (2000). Induction of the multixenobiotic defense mechanism (MXR), P-glycoprotein, in the mussel Mytilus californianus as a general cellular response to environmental stresses. Aquatic toxicology (Amsterdam, Netherlands), 49(1-2), 89-100.

Miller, B. S., & Epel, D. (1999). The roles of changes in NADPH and pH during fertilization and artificial activation of the sea urchin egg. DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, 216(1), 394-405.

Minier, C., Eufemia, N., & Epel, D. (1999). The multi-xenobiotic resistance phenotype as a tool to biomonitor the environment. BIOMARKERS, 4(6), 442-454.

Epel, D., Hemela, K., Shick, M., & Patton, C. (1999). Development in the floating world: Defenses of eggs and embryos against damage from UV radiation. AMERICAN ZOOLOGIST, 39(2), 271-278.

de Nadai, C., Cailliau, K., Epel, D., & Ciapa, B. (1998). Detection of phospholipase C gamma in sea urchin eggs. DEVELOPMENT GROWTH & DIFFERENTIATION, 40(6), 669-676.

Schomer, B., & Epel, D. (1998). Redox changes during fertilization and maturation of marine invertebrate eggs. DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, 203(1), 1-11.

Epel, D., & Schatten, G. (1998). Daniel Mazia: a passion for understanding how cells reproduce. TRENDS IN CELL BIOLOGY, 8(10), 416-418.

Eufemia, N. A., & Epel, D. (1998). The multixenobiotic defense mechanism in mussels is induced by substrates and non-substrates: Implications for a general stress response. MARINE ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, 46(1-5), 401-405.

Flannery, B., & Epel, D. (1998). Effects of wheat germ agglutinin on tunicate egg activation and fertilization: Is there a plasma membrane sperm receptor system on Ascidia ceratodes eggs?. DEVELOPMENT GROWTH & DIFFERENTIATION, 40(3), 297-306.

Epel, D. (1998). Use of multidrug transporters as first lines of defense against toxins in aquatic organisms. COMPARATIVE BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY A-MOLECULAR & INTEGRATIVE PHYSIOLOGY, 120(1), 23-28.

Kaufman, M. R., Ikeda, Y., Patton, C., Van Dykhuizen, G., & Epel, D. (1998). Bacterial symbionts colonize the accessory nidamental gland of the squid Loligo opalescens via horizontal transmission. BIOLOGICAL BULLETIN, 194(1), 36-43.

Swezey, R. R., & Epel, D. (1998). Caged substrates for measuring enzymatic activity in vivo: photoactivated caged glucose 6-phosphate. Methods in enzymology, 291, 278-288.

Rees, B. B., Swezey, R. R., Kibak, H., & Epel, D. (1996). Regulation of the pentose phosphate pathway at fertilization in sea urchin eggs. INVERTEBRATE REPRODUCTION & DEVELOPMENT, 30(1-3), 123-134.

Ciapa, B., & Epel, D. (1996). An early increase in cGMP follows fertilization of sea urchin eggs. BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS, 223(3), 633-636.

Toomey, B. H., Kaufman, M. R., & Epel, D. (1996). Marine bacteria produce compounds that modulate multixenobiotic transport activity in Urechis caupo embryos. MARINE ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, 42(1-4), 393-397.

Galgani, F., Cornwall, R., Toomey, B. H., & Epel, D. D. (1996). Interaction of environmental xenobiotics with a multixenobiotic defense mechanism in the bay mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis from the coast of California. ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY AND CHEMISTRY, 15(3), 325-331.

Swezey, R. R., & Epel, D. (1995). THE IN-VIVO RATE OF GLUCOSE-6-PHOSPHATE-DEHYDROGENASE ACTIVITY IN SEA-URCHIN EGGS DETERMINED WITH A PHOTOLABILE CAGED SUBSTRATE. DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, 169(2), 733-744.

Rees, B. B., Patton, C., Grainger, J. L., & Epel, D. (1995). PROTEIN-SYNTHESIS INCREASES AFTER FERTILIZATION OF SEA-URCHIN EGGS IN THE ABSENCE OF AN INCREASE IN INTRACELLULAR PH. DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, 169(2), 683-698.

Mead, K. S., & Epel, D. (1995). BEAKERS VERSUS BREAKERS - HOW FERTILIZATION IN THE LABORATORY DIFFERS FROM FERTILIZATION IN NATURE. ZYGOTE, 3(2), 95-99.

Cornwall, R., Toomey, B. H., Bard, S., Bacon, C., Jarman, W. M., & Epel, D. (1995). CHARACTERIZATION OF MULTIXENOBIOTIC MULTIDRUG TRANSPORT IN THE GILLS OF THE MUSSEL MYTILUS-CALIFORNIANUS AND IDENTIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL SUBSTRATES. AQUATIC TOXICOLOGY, 31(4), 277-296.

Toomey, B. H., & Epel, D. (1995). A MULTIXENOBIOTIC TRANSPORTER IN URECHIS-CAUPO EMBRYOS - PROTECTION FROM PESTICIDES. MARINE ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH, 39(1-4), 299-302.

Toomey, B. H., & Epel, D. (1993). MULTIXENOBIOTIC RESISTANCE IN URECHIS-CAUPO EMBRYOS - PROTECTION FROM ENVIRONMENTAL TOXINS. BIOLOGICAL BULLETIN, 185(3), 355-364.

Larochelle, D. A., & Epel, D. (1993). MYOSIN HEAVY-CHAIN DEPHOSPHORYLATION DURING CYTOKINESIS IN DIVIDING SEA-URCHIN EMBRYOS. CELL MOTILITY AND THE CYTOSKELETON, 25(4), 369-380.

Swezey, R. R., & Epel, D. (1992). THE USE OF CAGED SUBSTRATES TO ASSESS THE ACTIVITY OF 6-PHOSPHOGLUCONATE DEHYDROGENASE IN LIVING SEA-URCHIN EGGS. EXPERIMENTAL CELL RESEARCH, 201(2), 366-372.

Ciapa, B., & Epel, D. (1991). A RAPID CHANGE IN PHOSPHORYLATION ON TYROSINE ACCOMPANIES FERTILIZATION OF SEA-URCHIN EGGS. FEBS LETTERS, 295(1-3), 167-170.

Larochelle, D. A., & Epel, D. (1991). INVIVO PROTEIN-PHOSPHORYLATION AND LABELING OF ATP IN SEA-URCHIN EGGS LOADED WITH PO4-P-32 VIA ELECTROPORATION. DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, 148(1), 156-164.

Epel, D., Swezey, R., & Larochelle, D. (1991). WHAT CAN PERMEABILIZED SEA-URCHIN GAMETES TELL US ABOUT FERTILIZATION. COMPARATIVE SPERMATOLOGY 20 YEARS AFTER, 75, 155-159.

Epel, D. (1990). THE INITIATION OF DEVELOPMENT AT FERTILIZATION. CELL DIFFERENTIATION AND DEVELOPMENT, 29(1), 1-12.

Epel, D., & Swezey, R. R. (1990). A ROLE FOR STRUCTURAL-CHANGES IN CELL ACTIVATION AT FERTILIZATION - DIFFERENTIAL INHIBITION OF ENZYMATIC-ACTIVITIES. STRUCTURAL AND ORGANIZATIONAL ASPECTS OF METABOLIC REGULATION, 133, 13-25.

Swezey, R. R., & Epel, D. (1989). STABLE, RESEALABLE PORES FORMED IN SEA-URCHIN EGGS BY ELECTRIC-DISCHARGE (ELECTROPORATION) PERMIT SUBSTRATE LOADING FOR ASSAY OF ENZYMES INVIVO. CELL REGULATION, 1(1), 65-74.

Oberdorf, J., VILARROJAS, C., & Epel, D. (1989). THE LOCALIZATION OF PI AND PIP KINASE-ACTIVITIES IN THE SEA-URCHIN EGG AND THEIR MODULATION FOLLOWING FERTILIZATION. DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, 131(1), 236-242.

Epel, D. (1989). AN ODE TO CHAMBERS,EDWARD - LINKAGES OF TRANSPORT, CALCIUM AND PH TO SEA-URCHIN EGG AROUSAL AT FERTILIZATION. MECHANISMS OF EGG ACTIVATION, 271-284.

Swezey, R. R., & Epel, D. (1988). ENZYME STIMULATION UPON FERTILIZATION IS REVEALED IN ELECTRICALLY PERMEABILIZED SEA-URCHIN EGGS. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 85(3), 812-816.

Dufresne, L., Swezey, R. R., & Epel, D. (1987). KINETICS OF ACTIN ASSEMBLY ATTENDING FERTILIZATION OR ARTIFICIAL ACTIVATION OF SEA-URCHIN EGGS. EXPERIMENTAL CELL RESEARCH, 172(1), 32-42.

Poenie, M., & Epel, D. (1987). ULTRASTRUCTURAL-LOCALIZATION OF INTRACELLULAR CALCIUM STORES BY A NEW CYTOCHEMICAL METHOD. JOURNAL OF HISTOCHEMISTRY & CYTOCHEMISTRY, 35(9), 939-956.

Swezey, R. R., & Epel, D. (1986). REGULATION OF GLUCOSE-6-PHOSPHATE-DEHYDROGENASE ACTIVITY IN SEA-URCHIN EGGS BY REVERSIBLE ASSOCIATION WITH CELL STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS. JOURNAL OF CELL BIOLOGY, 103(4), 1509-1515.

Dube, F., & Epel, D. (1986). THE RELATION BETWEEN INTRACELLULAR PH AND RATE OF PROTEIN-SYNTHESIS IN SEA-URCHIN EGGS AND THE EXISTENCE OF A PH-INDEPENDENT EVENT TRIGGERED BY AMMONIA. EXPERIMENTAL CELL RESEARCH, 162(1), 191-204.

Epel, D., & Patton, C. (1985). CORTICAL GRANULES OF SEA-URCHIN EGGS DO NOT UNDERGO EXOCYTOSIS AT THE SITE OF SPERM-EGG FUSION. DEVELOPMENT GROWTH & DIFFERENTIATION, 27(3), 361-369.

Perry, G., & Epel, D. (1985). CHARACTERIZATION OF A CA-2+-STIMULATED LIPID PEROXIDIZING SYSTEM IN THE SEA-URCHIN EGG. DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, 107(1), 47-57.

Perry, G., & Epel, D. (1985). FERTILIZATION STIMULATES LIPID-PEROXIDATION IN THE SEA-URCHIN EGG. DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, 107(1), 58-65.

Dube, F., Schmidt, T., Johnson, C. H., & Epel, D. (1985). THE HIERARCHY OF REQUIREMENTS FOR AN ELEVATED INTRACELLULAR PH DURING EARLY DEVELOPMENT OF SEA-URCHIN EMBRYOS. CELL, 40(3), 657-666.

Clapper, D. L., & Epel, D. (1985). THE LIMULUS SPERM MOTILITY-INITIATING PEPTIDE INITIATES ACROSOME REACTIONS IN SEA-WATER LACKING POTASSIUM. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL ZOOLOGY, 236(2), 211-217.

Clapper, D. L., Davis, J. A., Lamothe, P. J., Patton, C., & Epel, D. (1985). INVOLVEMENT OF ZINC IN THE REGULATION OF PHI, MOTILITY, AND ACROSOME REACTIONS IN SEA-URCHIN SPERM. JOURNAL OF CELL BIOLOGY, 100(6), 1817-1824.

Clapper, D. L., Lamothe, P. J., Davis, J. A., & Epel, D. (1985). SPERM MOTILITY IN THE HORSESHOE-CRAB .5. ZINC REMOVAL MEDIATES CHELATOR INITIATION OF MOTILITY. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL ZOOLOGY, 236(1), 83-91.

Lee, H. C., Johnson, C., & Epel, D. (1983). CHANGES IN INTERNAL PH ASSOCIATED WITH INITIATION OF MOTILITY AND ACROSOME REACTION OF SEA-URCHIN SPERM. DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, 95(1), 31-45.

SASAKI, H., & Epel, D. (1983). CORTICAL VESICLE EXOCYTOSIS IN ISOLATED CORTICES OF SEA-URCHIN EGGS - DESCRIPTION OF A TURBIDOMETRIC ASSAY AND ITS UTILIZATION IN STUDYING EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT MEDIA ON DISCHARGE. DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, 98(2), 327-337.

Lee, H. C., & Epel, D. (1983). CHANGES IN INTRACELLULAR ACIDIC COMPARTMENTS IN SEA-URCHIN EGGS AFTER ACTIVATION. DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, 98(2), 446-?.

Johnson, C. H., Clapper, D. L., Winkler, M. M., Lee, H. C., & Epel, D. (1983). A VOLATILE INHIBITOR IMMOBILIZES SEA-URCHIN SPERM IN SEMEN BY DEPRESSING THE INTRACELLULAR PH. DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, 98(2), 493-501.

Schmidt, T., & Epel, D. (1983). HIGH HYDROSTATIC-PRESSURE AND THE DISSECTION OF FERTILIZATION RESPONSES .1. THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CORTICAL GRANULE EXOCYTOSIS AND PROTON EFFLUX DURING FERTILIZATION OF THE SEA-URCHIN EGG. EXPERIMENTAL CELL RESEARCH, 146(2), 235-248.

Johnson, C. H., & Epel, D. (1983). HEAVY-METAL CHELATORS PROLONG MOTILITY AND VIABILITY OF SEA-URCHIN SPERM BY INHIBITING SPONTANEOUS ACROSOME REACTIONS. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL ZOOLOGY, 226(3), 431-440.

Schmidt, T., Patton, C., & Epel, D. (1982). IS THERE A ROLE FOR THE CA-2+ INFLUX DURING FERTILIZATION OF THE SEA-URCHIN EGG. DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, 90(2), 284-290.

Meijer, L., Paul, M., & Epel, D. (1982). STIMULATION OF PROTEIN-PHOSPHORYLATION DURING FERTILIZATION-INDUCED MATURATION OF URECHIS-CAUPO OOCYTES. DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, 94(1), 62-70.

Johnson, C. H., & Epel, D. (1982). STARFISH OOCYTE MATURATION AND FERTILIZATION - INTRACELLULAR PH IS NOT INVOLVED IN ACTIVATION. DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, 92(2), 461-469.

Clapper, D. L., & Epel, D. (1982). SPERM MOTILITY IN THE HORSESHOE-CRAB .4. EXTRACELLULAR IONS AND INTRACELLULAR PH ARE NOT MEDIATORS OF MOTILITY INITIATION. GAMETE RESEARCH, 6(4), 327-342.

Clapper, D. L., & Epel, D. (1982). SPERM MOTILITY IN THE HORSESHOE-CRAB .3. ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF A SPERM MOTILITY INITIATING PEPTIDE. GAMETE RESEARCH, 6(4), 315-326.

Perry, G., & Epel, D. (1981). CA2+-STIMULATED PRODUCTION OF H2O2 FROM NAPHTHOQUINONE OXIDATION IN ARBACIA EGGS. EXPERIMENTAL CELL RESEARCH, 134(1), 65-72.

Epel, D., Patton, C., Wallace, R. W., & Cheung, W. Y. (1981). CALMODULIN ACTIVATES NAD KINASE OF SEA-URCHIN EGGS - AN EARLY EVENT OF FERTILIZATION. CELL, 23(2), 543-549.

Johnson, C. H., & Epel, D. (1981). INTRACELLULAR PH OF SEA-URCHIN EGGS MEASURED BY THE DIMETHYLOXAZOLIDINEDIONE (DMO) METHOD. JOURNAL OF CELL BIOLOGY, 89(2), 284-291.

Rapraeger, A. C., & Epel, D. (1981). THE APPEARANCE OF AN EXTRACELLULAR ARYLSULFATASE DURING MORPHOGENESIS OF THE SEA-URCHIN STRONGYLOCENTROTUS-PURPURATUS. DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, 88(2), 269-278.

Epel, D. (1980). FERTILIZATION. ENDEAVOUR, 4(1), 26-31.

Lambert, C. C., & Epel, D. (1979). CALCIUM-MEDIATED MITOCHONDRIAL MOVEMENT IN ASCIDIAN SPERM DURING FERTILIZATION. DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, 69(1), 296-304.

Epel, D., Nishioka, D., & Perry, G. (1978). ROLE OF CA+2 IN TRIGGERING DEVELOPMENT AT FERTILIZATION. BIOLOGIE CELLULAIRE, 32(1), 135-140.

Epel, D. (1977). PROGRAM OF FERTILIZATION. SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN, 237(5), 128-?.

KORN, L. J., Vacquier, V. D., & Epel, D. (1974). FURTHER STUDIES ON GLUCOSE INHIBITION OF BETA-1,3-GLUCANOHYDROLASE INCREASE DURING GUT DIFFERENTIATION OF SAND DOLLAR LARVAE. DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, 36(1), 1-7.

HOUK, M. S., & Epel, D. (1974). PROTEIN-SYNTHESIS DURING HORMONALLY INDUCED MEIOTIC MATURATION AND FERTILIZATION IN STARFISH OOCYTES. DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, 40(2), 298-310.

Vacquier, V. D., Tegner, M. J., & Epel, D. (1973). PROTEASE RELEASED FROM SEA-URCHIN EGGS AT FERTILIZATION ALTERS VITELLINE LAYER AND AIDS IN PREVENTING POLYSPERMY. EXPERIMENTAL CELL RESEARCH, 80(1), 111-119.

Miller, J. H., & Epel, D. (1973). STUDIES OF OOGENESIS IN URECHIS-CAUPO .2. ACCUMULATION DURING OOGENESIS OF CARBOHYDRATE, RNA, MICROTUBULE PROTEIN, AND SOLUBLE, MITOCHONDRIAL, AND LYSOSOMAL ENZYMES. DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, 32(2), 331-344.

Muchmore, D., & Epel, D. (1973). EFFECTS OF CHLORINATION OF WASTEWATER ON FERTILIZATION IN SOME MARINE INVERTEBRATES. MARINE BIOLOGY, 19(2), 93-95.

Vacquier, V. D., Douglas, L. A., & Epel, D. (1972). SEA-URCHIN EGGS RELEASE PROTEASE ACTIVITY AT FERTILIZATION. NATURE, 237(5349), 34-?.

Vacquier, V. D., Tegner, M. J., & Epel, D. (1972). PROTEASE ACTIVITY ESTABLISHES BLOCK AGAINST POLYSPERMY IN SEA-URCHIN EGGS. NATURE, 240(5380), 352-?.

Vacquier, V. D., KORN, L. J., & Epel, D. (1971). APPEARANCE OF ALPHA-AMYLASE ACTIVITY DURING GUT DIFFERENTIATION IN SAND DOLLAR PLUTEI. DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY, 26(3), 393-?.