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Barbara Block

Barbara Block

Charles and Elizabeth Prothro Professor in Marine Sciences and Senior Fellow, by courtesy, at the Woods Institute for the Environment

Academic Appointments

Professor, Biology

Honors & Awards

Rolex Award for Enterprise, Rolex (2012)
Walter B. Cannon Award, American Physiological Society (2008)
Pew Marine Conservation Fellow, Pew Foundation (1997)
MacArthur Fellow, MacArthur Foundation (1996)
Presidents Medal, Society for Experimental Biology, London (1994)
Presidential Young Investigator Award, National Science Foundation (1989)

Professional Education

B.A., University of Vermont, Zoology (1980)
Ph.D, Duke University, Zoology (1986)

Publications

Klinger, D. H., Dale, J. J., Machado, B. E., Incardona, J. P., Farwell, C. J., & Block, B. A. (2015). Exposure to Deepwater Horizon weathered crude oil increases routine metabolic demand in chub mackerel, Scomber japonicus. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 98(1-2), 259–266.

Madigan, D. J., Carlisle, A. B., Gardner, L. D., Jayasundara, N., Micheli, F., Schaefer, K. M., … Block, B. A. (2015). Assessing niche width of endothermic fish from genes to ecosystem. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(27), 8350–8355.

Dale, J. J., Gray, M. D., Popper, A. N., Rogers, P. H., & Block, B. A. (2015). Hearing thresholds of swimming Pacific bluefin tuna Thunnus orientalis. JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGY A-NEUROETHOLOGY SENSORY NEURAL AND BEHAVIORAL PHYSIOLOGY, 201(5), 441–454.

Carlisle, A. B., Litvin, S. Y., Hazen, E. L., Madigan, D. J., Goldman, K. J., Lea, R. N., & Block, B. A. (2015). Reconstructing habitat use by juvenile salmon sharks links upwelling to strandings in the California Current. MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES, 525, 217–228.

Carlisle, A. B., Goldman, K. J., Litvin, S. Y., Madigan, D. J., Bigman, J. S., Swithenbank, A. M., … Block, B. A. (2015). Stable isotope analysis of vertebrae reveals ontogenetic changes in habitat in an endothermic pelagic shark. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, 282(1799).

Brette, F., Machado, B., Cros, C., Incardona, J. P., Scholz, N. L., & Block, B. A. (2014). Crude Oil Impairs Cardiac Excitation-Contraction Coupling in Fish. SCIENCE, 343(6172), 772–776.

Del Raye, G., Jorgensen, S. J., Krumhansl, K., Ezcurra, J. M., & Block, B. A. (2013). Travelling light: white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias) rely on body lipid stores to power ocean-basin scale migration. Proceedings. Biological Sciences / The Royal Society, 280(1766), 20130836-?

Jorgensen, S. J., Arnoldi, N. S., Estess, E. E., Chapple, T. K., Rueckert, M., Anderson, S. D., & Block, B. A. (2012). Eating or Meeting? Cluster Analysis Reveals Intricacies of White Shark (Carcharodon carcharias) Migration and Offshore Behavior. PLOS ONE, 7(10).

Madigan, D. J., Carlisle, A. B., Dewar, H., Snodgrass, O. E., Litvin, S. Y., Micheli, F., & Block, B. A. (2012). Stable Isotope Analysis Challenges Wasp-Waist Food Web Assumptions in an Upwelling Pelagic Ecosystem. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 2.

Landeira-Fernandez, A. M., Castilho, P. C., & Block, B. A. (2012). Thermal dependence of cardiac SR Ca2+-ATPase from fish and mammals. JOURNAL OF THERMAL BIOLOGY, 37(3), 217–223.

Carlisle, A. B., Kim, S. L., Semmens, B. X., Madigan, D. J., Jorgensen, S. J., Perle, C. R., … Block, B. A. (2012). Using Stable Isotope Analysis to Understand the Migration and Trophic Ecology of Northeastern Pacific White Sharks (Carcharodon carcharias). PLOS ONE, 7(2).

Carlisle, A. B., Perle, C. R., Goldman, K. J., & Block, B. A. (2011). Seasonal changes in depth distribution of salmon sharks (Lamna ditropis) in Alaskan waters: implications for foraging ecology. CANADIAN JOURNAL OF FISHERIES AND AQUATIC SCIENCES, 68(11), 1905–1921.

Armsworth, P. R., Block, B. A., Eagle, J., & Roughgarden, J. E. (2011). The role of discounting and dynamics in determining the economic efficiency of time-area closures for managing fishery bycatch. THEORETICAL ECOLOGY, 4(4), 513–526.

Da Silva, D., Costa, D. C. F., Alves, C. M., Block, B. A., & Landeira-Fernandez, A. M. (2011). Temperature dependence of cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase from rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. JOURNAL OF FISH BIOLOGY, 79(3), 789–800.

Chapple, T. K., Jorgensen, S. J., Anderson, S. D., Kanive, P. E., Klimley, A. P., Botsford, L. W., & Block, B. A. (2011). A first estimate of white shark, Carcharodon carcharias, abundance off Central California. BIOLOGY LETTERS, 7(4), 581–583.

Block, B. A., Jonsen, I. D., Jorgensen, S. J., Winship, A. J., Shaffer, S. A., Bograd, S. J., … Costa, D. P. (2011). Tracking apex marine predator movements in a dynamic ocean. NATURE, 475(7354), 86–90.

Anderson, S. D., Chapple, T. K., Jorgensen, S. J., Klimley, A. P., & Block, B. A. (2011). Long-term individual identification and site fidelity of white sharks, Carcharodon carcharias, off California using dorsal fins. MARINE BIOLOGY, 158(6), 1233–1237.

Galli, G. L. J., Lipnick, M. S., Shiels, H. A., & Block, B. A. (2011). Temperature effects on Ca2+ cycling in scombrid cardiomyocytes: a phylogenetic comparison. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY, 214(7), 1068–1076.

Shillinger, G. L., Swithenbank, A. M., Bailey, H., Bograd, S. J., Castelton, M. R., Wallace, B. P., … Block, B. A. (2011). Vertical and horizontal habitat preferences of post-nesting leatherback turtles in the South Pacific Ocean. MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES, 422, 275–289.

Mladineo, I., & Block, B. A. (2010). Expression of cytokines IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha in tissues and cysts surrounding Didymocystis wedli (Digenea, Didymozoidae) in the Pacific bluefin tuna (Thunnus orientalis). FISH & SHELLFISH IMMUNOLOGY, 29(3), 487–493.

Clark, T. D., Brandt, W. T., Nogueira, J., Rodriguez, L. E., Price, M., Farwell, C. J., & Block, B. A. (2010). Postprandial metabolism of Pacific bluefin tuna (Thunnus orientalis). JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY, 213(14), 2379–2385.

Boustany, A. M., Matteson, R., Castleton, M., Farwell, C., & Block, B. A. (2010). Movements of pacific bluefin tuna (Thunnus orientalis) in the Eastern North Pacific revealed with archival tags. PROGRESS IN OCEANOGRAPHY, 86(1-2), 94–104.

Mladineo, I., Bott, N. J., Nowak, B. F., & Block, B. A. (2010). Multilocus phylogenetic analyses reveal that habitat selection drives the speciation of Didymozoidae (Digenea) parasitizing Pacific and Atlantic bluefin tunas. PARASITOLOGY, 137(6), 1013–1025.

Jorgensen, S. J., Reeb, C. A., Chapple, T. K., Anderson, S., Perle, C., Van Sommeran, S. R., … Block, B. A. (2010). Philopatry and migration of Pacific white sharks. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, 277(1682), 679–688.

Galli, G. L. J., Lipnick, M. S., & Block, B. A. (2009). Effect of thermal acclimation on action potentials and sarcolemmal K+ channels from Pacific bluefin tuna cardiomyocytes. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-REGULATORY INTEGRATIVE AND COMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGY, 297(2), R502–R509.

Walli, A., Teo, S. L. H., Boustany, A., Farwell, C. J., Williams, T., Dewar, H., … Block, B. A. (2009). Seasonal Movements, Aggregations and Diving Behavior of Atlantic Bluefin Tuna (Thunnus thynnus) Revealed with Archival Tags. PLOS ONE, 4(7).

Mladineo, I., & Block, B. A. (2009). Expression of Hsp70, Na+/K+ ATP-ase, HIF-1 alpha, IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha in captive Pacific bluefin tuna (Thunnus orientalis) after chronic warm and cold exposure. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY, 374(1), 51–57.

Castilho, P. C., Buckley, B. A., Somero, G., & Block, B. A. (2009). Heterologous hybridization to a complementary DNA microarray reveals the effect of thermal acclimation in the endothermic bluefin tuna (Thunnus orientalis). MOLECULAR ECOLOGY, 18(10), 2092–2102.

Chapple, T. K., Jorgensen, S. J., Anderson, S. D., Van Sommeran, S., Klimley, A. P., Botsford, L. W., & Block, B. A. (2009). A comparison of spatial and temporal habitat use by male and female migrating Great White Sharks (Carcharodon carcharias) in the eastern Pacific. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society-for-Integrative-and-Comparative-Biology, SALT LAKE CITY,UT: OXFORD UNIV PRESS INC.

Boustany, A. M., Reeb, C. A., & Block, B. A. (2008). Mitochondrial DNA and electronic tracking reveal population structure of Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus). MARINE BIOLOGY, 156(1), 13–24.

Shillinger, G. L., Palacios, D. M., Bailey, H., Bograd, S. J., Swithenbank, A. M., Gaspar, P., … Block, B. A. (2008). Persistent leatherback turtle migrations present opportunities for conservation. PLOS BIOLOGY, 6(7), 1408–1416.

Weng, K. C., Foley, D. G., Ganong, J. E., Perle, C., Shillinger, G. L., & Block, B. A. (2008). Migration of an upper trophic level predator, the salmon shark Lamna ditropis, between distant ecoregions. MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES, 372, 253–264.

Blank, J. M., Morrissette, J. M., Farwell, C. J., Price, M., Schallert, R. J., & Block, B. A. (2007). Temperature effects on metabolic rate of juvenile Pacific bluefin tuna Thunnus orientalis. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY, 210(23), 4254–4261.

Castilho, P. C., Landeira-Femandez, A. M., Morrissette, J., & Block, B. A. (2007). Elevated Ca2+ ATPase (SERCA2) activity in tuna hearts: Comparative aspects of temperature dependence. COMPARATIVE BIOCHEMISTRY AND PHYSIOLOGY A-MOLECULAR & INTEGRATIVE PHYSIOLOGY, 148(1), 124–132.

Weng, K. C., Boustany, A. M., Pyle, P., Anderson, S. D., Brown, A., & Block, B. A. (2007). Migration and habitat of white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias) in the eastern Pacific Ocean. MARINE BIOLOGY, 152(4), 877–894.

Stokesbury, M. J. W., Cosgrove, R., Boustany, A., Browne, D., Teo, S. L. H., O'Dor, R. K., & Block, B. A. (2007). Results of satellite tagging of Atlantic bluefin tuna, Thunnus thynnus, off the coast of Ireland. Presented at the 6th Conference on Fish Telemetry, LISBON,PORTUGAL: SPRINGER.

Stevenson, C., Katz, L. S., Micheli, F., Block, B., Heiman, K. W., Perle, C., … Witting, J. (2007). High apex predator biomass on remote Pacific islands. CORAL REEFS, 26(1), 47–51.

Teo, S. L. H., Boustany, A., Dewar, H., Stokesbury, M. J. W., Weng, K. C., Beemer, S., … Block, B. A. (2007). Annual migrations, diving behavior, and thermal biology of Atlantic bluefin tuna, Thunnus thynnus, on their Gulf of Mexico breeding grounds. MARINE BIOLOGY, 151(1), 1–18.

Blank, J. M., Farwell, C. J., Morrissette, J. M., Schallert, R. J., & Block, B. A. (2007). Influence of swimming speed on metabolic rates of juvenile Pacific bluefin tuna and yellowfin tuna. PHYSIOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL ZOOLOGY, 80(2), 167–177.

Weng, K. C., Castilho, P. C., Morrissette, J. M., Landeira-Fernandez, A. M., Holts, D. B., Schallert, R. J., … Block, B. A. (2005). Satellite tagging and cardiac physiology reveal niche expansion in salmon sharks. SCIENCE, 310(5745), 104–106.

Block, B. A., Teo, S. L. H., Walli, A., Boustany, A., Stokesbury, M. J. W., Farwell, C. J., … Williams, T. D. (2005). Electronic tagging and population structure of Atlantic bluefin tuna. NATURE, 434(7037), 1121–1127.

Block, B. A. (2005). Physiological ecology in the 21st Century: Advancements in biologging Science. INTEGRATIVE AND COMPARATIVE BIOLOGY, 45(2), 305–320.

Castilho, P. C., Landeira-Fernandez, A. M., Morrissette, J. M., Schallert, R., Weng, K., & Block, B. A. (2004). Salmon shark (Lamna ditrops): An endothermic fish from polar area with higher SERCA2 activity. INTEGRATIVE AND COMPARATIVE BIOLOGY, 44(6), 534–534.

Shiels, H. A., Blank, J. M., Farrell, A. P., & Block, B. A. (2004). Electrophysiological properties of the L-type Ca2+ current in cardiomyocytes from bluefin tuna and Pacific mackerel. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-REGULATORY INTEGRATIVE AND COMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGY, 286(4), R659–R668.

Blank, J. M., Morrissette, J. M., Landeira-Fernandez, A. M., Blackwell, S. B., Williams, T. D., & Block, B. A. (2004). In situ cardiac performance of Pacific bluefin tuna hearts in response to acute temperature change. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY, 207(5), 881–890.

Landeira-Fernandez, A. M., Morrissette, J. M., Blank, J. M., & Block, B. A. (2004). Temperature dependence of the Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA2) in the ventricles of tuna and mackerel. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-REGULATORY INTEGRATIVE AND COMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGY, 286(2), R398–R404.

Morrissette, J. M., Franck, J. P. G., & Block, B. A. (2003). Characterization of ryanodine receptor and Ca2+-ATPase isoforms in the thermogenic heater organ of blue marlin (Makaira nigricans). JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY, 206(5), 805–812.

Blank, J. M., Morrissette, J. M., Davie, P. S., & Block, B. A. (2002). Effects of temperature, epinephrine and Ca2+ on the hearts of yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares). JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY, 205(13), 1881–1888.

Boustany, A. M., Davis, S. F., Pyle, P., Anderson, S. D., Le Boeuf, B. J., & Block, B. A. (2002). Satellite tagging - Expanded niche for white sharks. NATURE, 415(6867), 35–36.

Block, B. A., Dewar, H., Blackwell, S. B., Williams, T. D., Prince, E. D., Farwell, C. J., … Fudge, D. (2001). Migratory movements, depth preferences, and thermal biology of Atlantic bluefin tuna. SCIENCE, 293(5533), 1310–1314.

Marcinek, D. J., Bonaventura, J., Wittenberg, J. B., & Block, B. A. (2001). Oxygen affinity and amino acid sequence of myoglobins from endothermic and ectothermic fish. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-REGULATORY INTEGRATIVE AND COMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGY, 280(4), R1123–R1133.

Morrissette, J., Xu, L., Nelson, A., Meissner, G., & Block, B. A. (2000). Characterization of RyR1-slow, a ryanodine receptor specific to slow-twitch skeletal muscle. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-REGULATORY INTEGRATIVE AND COMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGY, 279(5), R1889–R1898.

Shiels, H. A., Freund, E. V., Farrell, A. P., & Block, B. A. (1999). The sarcoplasmic reticulum plays a major role in isometric contraction in atrial muscle of yellowfin tuna. The Journal of Experimental Biology, 202 (Pt 7), 881–90.

Dewar, H., Deffenbaugh, M., Thurmond, G., Lashkari, K., & Block, B. A. (1999). Development of an acoustic telemetry tag for monitoring electromyograms in free-swimming fish. The Journal of Experimental Biology, 202 (Pt 19), 2693–9.

Morrissette, J. M., Xu, L., Nelson, A., Meissner, G., & Block, B. A. (1999). Characterization of Ryr1-slow, a ryanodine receptor specific to slow-twitch skeletal muscle. BIOPHYSICAL JOURNAL, 76(1), A302–A302.

Block, B. A., Dewar, H., Farwell, C., & Prince, E. D. (1998). A new satellite technology for tracking the movements of Atlantic bluefin tuna. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 95(16), 9384–9389.

Franck, J. P. C., Morrissette, J., Keen, J. E., Londraville, R. L., Beamsley, M., & Block, B. A. (1998). Cloning and characterization of fiber type-specific ryanodine receptor isoforms in skeletal muscles of fish. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-CELL PHYSIOLOGY, 275(2), C401–C415.

Block, B. A., OBrien, J., & Franck, J. (1996). The role of ryanodine receptor isoforms in the structure and function of the vertebrate triad. Presented at the 49th Annual Symposium of the Society-of-General-Physiologists on Organellar Ion Channels and Transporters, WOODS HOLE,MA: ROCKEFELLER UNIV PRESS.

Block, B. A. (1994). THERMOGENESIS IN MUSCLE. ANNUAL REVIEW OF PHYSIOLOGY, 56, 535–577.